There is Nothing Called Waste
Composting can reduce household waste by 30 percent. Instead of throwing away the food waste or just piling them up in the yard, convert them into rich and nutritious compost to nourish the garden.
How to Compost
For basic compost, you need; Greens - Vegetable peelings, Coffee grounds, Tea bags, Grass cuttings and Leaves. Browns – Sticks, Paper cardboard, Eggshells, Saw dust
To Make a Compost Site
Select a spot that is sunny or partially shaded. There is hot compost heap and cool compost heap. Choose the type that is convenient for you.
For cool compost: Fill few inches of your compost bin with both green and brown materials. Fill in when you have food scraps and toilet paper to dispose. Greens like kitchen waste produce nitrogen while browns like leaves and branches produce carbon and both are vital for the pile to heat up and decompose. You need to stir the pile every three to four days to control the air and moisture. The cool heap takes longer to compost.
For hot compost: Fill up the bin with brown and green materials, but never go higher or wider beyond five feet as it is harder to decompose. This mix has the tendency to heat up fast. Hence turn the pile every week and continue till it stops heating up. Let it cool down to compost. Stir well before use.
If the compost rots and starts to smell, add more browns and if it becomes dry add more greens. Once the compost turns rich brown or black in colour then it is ready to use. If a family adopt proper waste management and compost, they can reduce the waste output from 1000kg to 100 kg every year. By composting you can do your part for a sustainable planet